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Environment

Set up components for custom environments like iframes, Shadow DOM, or Electron.

Motivation

We use Zag.js internally, which relies on DOM query methods like document.querySelectorAll and document.getElementById. In custom environments like iframes, Shadow DOM, or Electron, these methods might not work as expected.

To handle this, Ark UI includes the EnvironmentProvider, allowing you to set the appropriate root node or document, ensuring correct DOM queries.

Setup

To support custom environments like an iframe, Shadow DOM or Electron, render the EnvironmentProvider component to provide the environment context to all Ark UI components.

<script setup lang="ts">
import { EnvironmentProvider } from '@ark-ui/vue'
</script>

<template>
  <iframe title="IFrame Context">
    <EnvironmentProvider><!-- Your App --></EnvironmentProvider>
  </iframe>
</template>

The EnvironmentProvider component will automatically detect the current environment and set the correct environment context. However, you can also manually set the Document like shown in this React example below:

import Frame, { FrameContextConsumer } from 'react-frame-component'
import { EnvironmentProvider } from '@ark-ui/react'

export const App = () => (
  <Frame title="IFrame Context">
    <FrameContextConsumer>
      {({ document }) => (
        <EnvironmentProvider value={document}>{/* Your App */}</EnvironmentProvider>
      )}
    </FrameContextConsumer>
  </Frame>
)

Usage

Use the useEnvironmentContext hook to access the RootNode, Document, and Window.

<script setup lang="ts">
import { useEnvironmentContext } from '@ark-ui/vue'

const environment = useEnvironmentContext()
</script>

<template>
  <pre>{{ JSON.stringify(environment?.getRootNode(), null, 2) }}</pre>
</template>

API Reference

EnvironmentProvider

PropDefaultType
value
RootNode | (() => RootNode)